are an ancient musical instrument
of the Sardinian tradition
: it is a wind instrument, made by three flutes of different sizes. It is played during both religious and laical events.
The origins of launeddas
fall back in the old times, when Sardinian civilization had contacts with peoples from North Africa
and Middle East
, where similar instruments were in use. The first evidence of this musical instrument presence in Sardinia has been found in the bronze statue of Ittiri
(nuragic era), representing a launeddas player
To play launeddas it’s needed to use a special technique: the circular breathing
. The musician has to breath in the air by nose while he breaths out by mouth. The result is a continuing airflow in the instrument.