Sardinian is a language not a dialect. Incredible but true! A regional law of 1997 and a National law in 1999 confirmed this. The laws were introduced in order to safeguard linguistic minorities and recognized the heartfelt battle for the political recognition of the Sardinian language. In this way, the various towns can draw up official documents in both languages and it’s not rare to find road signs in Sardinian!
Sardinian belongs to the Romance languages group and is spoken by 1.3 million people. It is split into four distinct variations: campidanese (spoken in the old province of Cagliari
), logudorese (widespread in the old provinces of Nuoro
), sassarese (spoken in the area from Sassari to Stintino) and gallurese (in the Olbia
– Tempio area). The first two have a structure and synthax which is practically unvaried with respect to their Latin roots. Whereas, sassarese and gallurese have been greatly influenced by the domination of Pisa and Genoa as well as by the migrations of people from Corsica. (more…)