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Situated on the southern boundary of the Ozieri plains, it's the largest town in central-eastern Logudoro and is important above all for its millenary history that accompanies its life and local traditions. In fact, since pre-historic times, it has always been a densely populated area and sought-after for both its geographic position that dominates the entire surrounding plains, as well as the physiognomy of its terrain, enriched by numerous caves. In fact, in one of these, the San Michele cave on the outskirts of town, a series of ceramic artefacts never before seen in Sardinia and decorated with geometric designs of eastern origin, has given the name to a significant, pre-historic Sardinian culture called Cultura di Ozieri (3200-2800 B. C.). The succeeding nuraghic period also testifies a continuous human presence as indicated by the many Tombe dei Giganti, sacred wells and Nuraghe, the three-towered complex of Burghidu standing out amongst them. The Ezzu Bridge (70 m long), a beautiful example of Roman monumental architecture, that bridges the Mannu River is also noteworthy. Known in the Middle Ages as Othigeri, Ozieri belonged to the Nughedu administration in the Giudicato of Torres up until 1272 and, during the following Spanish domination, was the chief town of Mount Acuto's administration. It became the province's capital town, bishop's see and royal deposit for horse breeding during the Sardinian-Piedmont Kingdom. King Charles Albert brought it to the state of City in 1836. A sudden state of importance was given to it by its most exemplary deputy in Parliament Giuseppe Garibaldi. He played a crucial role in the growth and spreading of education in the entire central northern Sardinian region. Ozieri's beauty and importance can also be found in its many historical monuments including: the nineteenth-Century buildings in its town centre, with stairways, porticoes and pebble-stoned alleys, the St. Sebastian church (middle of the seventeenth-Century), St. Francis (end of sixteenth-Century), St. Lucy and its painful, gothic crucifix (XV-Century), the neo-classic cathedral of the Virgin that conserves the retablo of the Madonna of Loreto (XVI-Century), the masterpiece of the "maestro of Ozieri", the bishop's basilica of St. Anthony of Bisarcio (XI-XII Centuries) and the Grixoni fountain in Roman-styled red-brown trachyte. In addition, Ozieri has restored its antique buildings which have then been used as social and cultural centres like the Museum of Archaeology, the Museum of Sacred Art and the Centre for the Sardinian language. The most important festivities are: the celebration in honour of St. Anthony of Bisarcio (second Sunday in May), the celebration in honour of St. Nicholas (last Sunday in May), the rituals for the Holy Virgin of Monserrato (June 25th) and the Madonna del Rimedio fest (third Sunday in September) which is the most important. It includes a long parade of costumes that come from all over the island.
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